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Showing posts from December, 2020

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 in English

  The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 in English:-  हिंदू विवाह अधिनियम,  1955 पूरे भारत में लागू होता है और दिनांक 30 अक्टूबर 2019 से यह अधिनियम जम्मू और कश्मीर में भी लागू होने लगा है। इस अधिनियम मे कुल 30 धाराएं हैं जोकि मुख्य रूप से छः भागो मे बांटा गया है। (1) प्रारम्भिक (Preliminary) Section  (1-4) (2) हिन्दू विवाह  (Hindu Marriages ) Section  (5-8) हिंदू विवाह की शर्तें एवं हिंदू विवाह  का रजिस्ट्रीकरण आदि से संबंधित प्रावधान दिए गए। (3) दांपत्य अधिकारों का प्रत्यास्थापन और न्यायिक पृथक्करण (Restitution of Conjugal rights & Judicial Separation) Section (9-10) (4) विवाह की अकृतता और विवाह-विच्छेद  (Nulity of Marriage & Divorce  Section  (11-18) (5) अधिकारिता और प्रक्रिया (Jurisdiction & Procedure) Section (19-28) इस भाग में मुख्य रूप से यह बताया गया है कि हिंदू विवाह अधिनियम, 1955 से संबंधित वाद किस न्यायालय के समक्ष दाखिल किए जा सकते हैं और उनकी प्रक्रिया क्या होगी।  (6) Savings & Repeals  Section  (29-30) वैधानिक अवधि में हुए अवकाश भी धारा 1

Law of Contract - Capacity to Contract

  CAPACITY TO CONTRACT We already know that the parties to a contract must be competent, that is, they must have the capacity to contract. The question, now, is who is competent to contract? Law states that every person is competent to contract who is of the age of majority according to the law to which he is subject, and who is of sound mind, and is not disqualified from contracting by any law to which he is subject. That is, person is competent to contract if he - has attained the age of majority is of sound mind and is not otherwise disqualified from contracting (a) A GE OF MAJORITY Law states that every domiciled Indian attains majority on the completion of 18 years of age. But what is a person below the age of majority makes an agreement. The effect of such an agreement are as follows - (i) An agreement entered into by a minor is altogether void. An agreement entered into by a minor is void ab initio, that is, void from its inception. The question of its enfor

Law of Contract - Consideration

  CONSIDERATION Consideration is price of the promise. It is in nature of quid pro quo, that is, something for something. It is the price for which the promise of other is brought and promise thus given for value is enforceable. Consideration is “some right, interest, profit or benefit accruing to one party or forbearance, detriment, loss, or responsibility given, suffered or undertaken by the other”. This refers to the position of both the promisor, and the promisee in an agreement. In law, When at the desire of the promisor (person making the proposal), the promisee (person accepting the proposal) or any other person has done or abstained from doing, or does or abstains from doing, or promises to do or to abstain from doing, something, such act or abstinence or promise is called a Consideration for the promise. Consideration  From the above definition it can be inferred that Consideration is doing or not doing something Conside

Law of Contract - Communication of Offer, Acceptance & Revocation

  COMMUNICATION OF OFFER, ACCEPTANCE & REVOCATION Communication is an indispensable element in concluding a contract. There must be effective communicat ion of both ‘offer’ and ‘acceptance’ to give rise to a valid contract. I mportance of communication lies in the fact that parties are separated by distance and they employ modes such as post, telegram, fax, email, telephone etc. Effective and proper communication prevents avoidable misunderstanding between parties. Law gives a lot of importance to “time” element in deciding when the offer and acceptance is complete, and upto what time offer or acceptance may be revoked. Communication of offer C ommunication of offer is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made. Knowledge of the offer would materialize when the offer is given in writing or made by word of mouth or by some other conduct. For Example, ‘ A’ writes a letter making a proposal to ‘B’ to sell his hous

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