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Showing posts with the label Indian Penal Code 1860

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 in English

  The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 in English:-  हिंदू विवाह अधिनियम,  1955 पूरे भारत में लागू होता है और दिनांक 30 अक्टूबर 2019 से यह अधिनियम जम्मू और कश्मीर में भी लागू होने लगा है। इस अधिनियम मे कुल 30 धाराएं हैं जोकि मुख्य रूप से छः भागो मे बांटा गया है। (1) प्रारम्भिक (Preliminary) Section  (1-4) (2) हिन्दू विवाह  (Hindu Marriages ) Section  (5-8) हिंदू विवाह की शर्तें एवं हिंदू विवाह  का रजिस्ट्रीकरण आदि से संबंधित प्रावधान दिए गए। (3) दांपत्य अधिकारों का प्रत्यास्थापन और न्यायिक पृथक्करण (Restitution of Conjugal rights & Judicial Separation) Section (9-10) (4) विवाह की अकृतता और विवाह-विच्छेद  (Nulity of Marriage & Divorce  Section  (11-18) (5) अधिकारिता और प्रक्रिया (Jurisdiction & Procedure) Section (19-28) इस भाग में मुख्य रूप से यह बताया गया है कि हिंदू विवाह अधिनियम, 1955 से संबंधित वाद किस न्यायालय के समक्ष दाखिल किए जा सकते हैं और उनकी प्रक्रिया क्या होगी।  (6) Savings & Repeals  Section  (29-30) वैधानिक अवधि में हुए अवकाश भी धारा 1

In Gulshan Kumar murder case, Mumbai High Court convicted Abdul Rashid Dawood Merchant and sentenced him for life imprisonment

  गुलशन कुमार हत्याकांड में मुंबई हाई कोर्ट ने अब्दुल राशिद दाऊद मर्चेंट को दोषी करार देते हुए आजीवन कारावास की सजा सुनाई। Gulshan Kumar जस्टिस श्रीमती साधना एस.जाधव  और  जस्टिस एन. आर. बोरकर  की बेंच उक्त मामले की सुनवाई कर रही थी। बेंच ने अतिरिक्त सत्र न्यायधीश, ग्रेटर मुंबई द्वारा  केस नंबर 15/1998 में  अभियुक्त  अब्दुल राशिद दाऊद मर्चेंट  को  सुनाई गई आजीवन कारावास की सजा के आदेश को बरकरार रखा।  मशहूर गायक  गुलशन कुमार दुआ  की हत्या करने के जुर्म में  अतिरिक्त सत्र न्यायधीश, ग्रेटर मुंबई ने अंतर्गत धारा 302/307/34 भारतीय दंड संहिता, 1860 धारा 27 आर्म्स एक्ट में  दिनांक 29 अप्रैल 2002 को अपीलकर्ता मोहम्मद राशिद दाऊद मर्चेंट को दोषी करार दिया था। माननीय न्यायालय द्वारा  अपीलकर्ता  को धारा 120 बी भारतीय दंड संहिता के अंतर्गत भी दोषी करार दिया।

Law of Crimes - Multiple Choice Questions

    We have drafted a series of short question papers to test your knowledge on various subjects of Law. The Paper contains anywhere between 20 - 25 multiple choice questions on a subject. You may select the Test of Your Choice, Mark your answers. Submit your response and get your evaluation within seconds. Hope you will enjoy while learning.    Adhivakta Law Cafe Law of Crimes Test 1 Test 2 We will keep adding to the above list of Tests. So stay in touch. Disclaimer - Every care has been taken in preparation of above questions and answers. But the author assumes no responsibility for any inadvertent error, whatsoever. 

Heinous and serious offences such as murder, rape and dacoity cannot be quashed on the ground of Settlement


Elements of a Crime

  The fundamental principal of criminal liability is that there must be a wrongful act- actus reus, combined with a wrongful intention, mens rea. This principle is embodied in the maxim - actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea. It means an act does not make one guilty unless the mind is also guilty. Alternatively, a mere criminal intention not acted upon does not constitute a crime. There are four elements of a crime - Mens rea   Actus reus    Injury Person We shall discuss each of  these elements in detail.   MENS REA Mens rea is the mental element of Crime. The essence of criminal law is expressed in form of maxim - "actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea” meaning an act does not make anyone guilty unless there is a criminal intent or a guilty mind. That is, for any act to be illegal in. nature it must be done with a guilty mind. There can be no crime large or small, without an evil mind. The state of mind gives meaning to the act, and a crime is not committ

Some General Definitions in Law of Crimes

  Law provides for definitions of certain words that are used repeatedly in the Penal Code. The purpose is to give them a definite meaning and avoid repetition. We shall have a look at some of the most important terms of the Indian Penal Code. Wrongful gain. Gain of property By unlawful means To which the person gaining is not legally entitled. Wrongful loss. Loss of property By unlawful means To which the person losing it is legally entitled. Gaining wrongfully. A person is said to gain wrongfully when such person retains wrongfully, as well as when such person acquires wrongfully. Losing wrongfully. A person is said to lose wrongfully when such person is wrongfully kept out of any property, as well as when such person is wrongfully deprived of property. Dishonestly. Whoever does anything with the intention of causing wrongful gain to one person or wrongful loss to another person , is said to do t

Law of Crimes - General Exceptions

Similar to tort, law recognises certain exceptional conditions in which the act that appears to satisfy the definition prescribed for the offence, nonetheless lacks in certain aspect (generally mens rea or the guilty mind) for it to be punished. The law provides that every definition of an offence, e very penal provision and every illustration of every such definition or penal provision shall be understood subject to the se exceptions. Again the idea is to provide lucidity to the large text and avoid repetition. The importance of these exceptions is that once a case falls into an exception, the same does not amount to an offence.  The general exceptions are as follows - 1. Mistake of Fact The law states that when a person is bound by law to perform any act, his act shall not amount to an offence. It is quite basic that when on one hand the law compels performance, it cannot on the other prohibit it at the same time. This defence is also available where a person by reason of a

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